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It’s Time to Revisit the Battery Cage Ban

By 8 August 2008 54

In September last year, as a result of a concerted campaign by Free Range Canberra supported by the Human Battery Cage project and the tabling of a Bill to ban battery cages in the ACT by Greens MLA Dr Deb Foskey, the ACT Government announced three measures “designed to phase out battery egg production in the ACT and change the egg-buying patterns of Canberrans”. The measures were;

  • an offer of $1 million in industry assistance to help Pace Farm change from battery farming to the barn method of egg production,
  • a pledge to source the eggs purchased by ACT government institutions such as hospitals and schools from barn or free-range producers,
  • an undertaking to write to your fellow Agriculture Ministers and heads of government ‘as a matter of urgency’ to get a national approach to phasing out battery farming onto the agenda for the next Ministerial Council and the next gathering of the Council of Australian Governments.

On the positive side, the change in the government’s purchasing policy for eggs is underway and is expected to be complete by May 2009.

But as for the other two measures, negotiations with Pace Farm have failed and Jon Stanhope has admitted that he has failed in establishing a national approach to a ban.

A ban on battery cages has the strong support of the ACT community. A local survey commissioned in September 2005 found 73% of respondents supported banning the cages. A WIN TV News poll last year resulted in an overwhelming 94% support for a ban.

The ACT’s only cage egg producer Pace Farm has shown that it is not committed to the long-term survival of its Parkwood facility. In response to the changes to regulations which came into effect on 1 January this year requiring caged hens to be given slightly more space (an extra centimetre in each direction), Pace have simply lowered their stocking rates rather than spend money to replace their old, filthy cages.

According to their Emission Report on the National Pollutant Inventory website, Pace Farm employs 14 people at Parkwood. Their annual rent for the 41.44 hectares on which their operation is located is a mere $486.

Pace Farm is clearly not an important industry in the ACT – but it is certainly a cruel industry. The Parkwood sheds were recently depopulated – i.e., the hundreds of thousands of hens who have spent the last 15 or so months in the cages were hauled out and passed hand-to-hand by their legs before being crammed into crates and transported for hundreds of kilometres in open trucks to be slaughtered.

The handling of the hens resulted in most of them suffering broken legs even before getting to the crates and, as has happened on previous occasions, hundreds were dropped or escaped from the cages and fell into the manure pits below the cages. Many of these hens drowned in the liquefied waste while others became bogged and were left to starve. The industry Code of Practice demands that such hens be retrieved on the same day – they were not.

There is a world-wide move away from inhumane battery cages. An EU-wide ban on the use of conventional battery cages for egg laying hens will be applied from 1 January 2012. The US state of California will vote in November this year on a proposal to ban the cages.

Over 150 US University campuses – including Harvard, Princeton and Tufts – have made the decision not to support the cruelty of battery hen farming while in this country, the University of Newcastle has decided to have all food outlets use cage-free eggs.

Three Tasmanian local councils (Hobart, Clarence and Launceston) have recently announced that they will only use eggs from free range farms at council functions.

Consumers and retailers are also moving away from cage eggs and embracing eggs from the more humane free-range system. In the UK, the sale of free-range eggs has risen by almost a third since the end of last year and in February more households were buying free-range eggs rather than caged eggs for the first time.

The Australian Egg Corporation Annual Reports show that the market share of free-range eggs in Australia rose from 20.3% to 23.4% in the 12 months to June 2007 while the sale of cage eggs dropped from 74.9% to 71.4% in the same period.

The world-wide move away from cage eggs is clear and irresistible.

When the three Government measures were announced Chief Minister Jon Stanhope stated that “if the offer of industry assistance was not accepted after negotiation with Pace and if advocacy at the national level proved fruitless the Government was prepared to revisit the issue of battery egg production in the future”.

Now is clearly the time to revisit the issue of a ban.

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54 Responses to It’s Time to Revisit the Battery Cage Ban
#1
Thumper6:46 pm, 08 Aug 08

I expect nothing but a full ban on battery hens and 100% free range.

#2
Jonathon Reynolds6:51 pm, 08 Aug 08

So which standard for “free range” are you proposing we adopt?
http://fw.farmonline.com.au/news/nationalrural/livestock/news/free-range-eggs-not-so-fresh/800326.aspx

I’m not prepared to pay a premium for eggs (and chicken) just so that people can feel good and sleep soundly at night. Commercial farming is never pleasant but its legal, a reality and a fact of life.

Whilst I agree that the battery hen method may not be the most humane method of egg farming it remains legal and it speaks volumes that the RSPCA (who are vested with the powers of ensuring animal protection in the Territory) have not moved to shut the ACT operations on the basis of animal cruelty.

If the “free range” advocacy group were serious about the issue we wouldn’t have the case of Free Range Canberra Party (“Free Range Canberra is a campaign that aims to effectively ban the production of battery eggs in the ACT“) not running candidates at the upcoming election.
http://the-riotact.com/?p=8286

#3
Duke7:21 pm, 08 Aug 08

Well said JR. I like the idea of free-range but it also means very expensive eggs – almost double the price of regular cage eggs. As eggs are a staple in most homes, cost remains a major issue in this debate.

I won’t agree with Thumper on this one as I eat a lot of poultry (and eggs!).

#4
sepi8:18 pm, 08 Aug 08

I was worried about the 1million dollar offer. I thought it might another koomarri debacle, where the govt would pony up the funds, and then PACE would open a tiny barn, or move across the border or something. It’s interesting they weren’t interested in taking up the offer at all though.

I don’t believe Cage eggs are half the price of battery eggs. And I’m surprised that less than a quarter of people buy free range.

Free range all the way in this household.

#5
VicePope8:23 pm, 08 Aug 08

I might be a heretic, but I grew up in close proximity to many chooks. They had heaps of space, varied food, lots of places to go. But the idiot animals mostly chose to cluster in a low, crowded area that was there by accident, and kept because it provided some additional shade (as well as henhouse and a tree). They wouldn’t have known or cared if they were provided with food on silver trays carried by liveried waiters, or if they were crammed into a box and had muck jammed down their throats. Chooks aren’t very bright.

I’m a little sceptical about the campaign, which will mostly have the effect of depriving relatively poor people of a cheap source of protein. The main reason for buying free range eggs when possible is that they can taste a bit better.

#6
jake5558:32 pm, 08 Aug 08

I am personally prepared to pay a bit more per egg to know that they didn’t originate in a battery cage.

Surely if consumers push for cage free eggs, producers would be forced to change their production methods, thereby becoming the ‘norm’, and hopefully a comparable price to the current cage eggs?

#7
sepi8:40 pm, 08 Aug 08

there’s a big difference between a small shady place that free chooks choose to hang out, and a cage the size of an A4 sheet of paper, where the poor chook cant’ even stand up or turn around, and has to have it’s claws cut off.

#8
johnboy8:43 pm, 08 Aug 08

Surely minimum standards are no bad thing?

#9
Mælinar - *spoiler 9:17 pm, 08 Aug 08

If everybody bought a chicken each to run around in their back yards, there would be an immediate drop in consumption that would probably be felt like an earthquake on the stock market.

#10
Jonathon Reynolds9:44 pm, 08 Aug 08

@johnboy

johnboy said :

Surely minimum standards are no bad thing?

First you need to set an agreed national standard, then you ensure compliance.

“mos” wants to put the cart before the horse (or count their chickens before they’ve hatched)… which invariably means that some time down the track (s)he will be back complaining that someone, somewhere doesn’t meet their idea of what (s)he thinks the standard ought to be.

#11
ant10:15 pm, 08 Aug 08

I’ll make sure I never buy any eggs from Pace. I buy free range or barn raised, and stories like this make my blood boil. I hope the TV show Jamie Oliver did showing what really happens to chickens gets aired again, a real eye opener for many people.

People who do this to animals are evil.

#12
josh10:41 pm, 08 Aug 08

grow yer own chickens!

and get a goat, too, and throw yer lawnmower away! decrease your oil dependence, and reap the rewards. rite gize? etc

#13
josh10:44 pm, 08 Aug 08

and uh. i’m not all for paying extra money for the piece of mind that ‘aw these chickens were raised “humanely”‘. i’m all for paying for a simply superior egg.

(i think we dish out $7 or $8/doz at the farmer’s markets for some ridiculously fresh and tasty eggs. they’re not organic, but they’re certainly free range. whoop-de-doo. they taste really good, though..the yolks sit so high and the shells are way hard. om nom nom)

#14
johnboy10:49 pm, 08 Aug 08

Not everyone can keep their own chickens, the rules can be tough.

#15
Someone_else12:07 am, 09 Aug 08

Claiming that you can’t “afford” to buy free-range is such a cop-out. Just be honest admit you don’t care. I’m sure a lot of the people who whinge that free-range is too expensive have no problems finding the extra cash for ciggies, alcohol and new TVs.

#16
ant12:14 am, 09 Aug 08

Spot-ON, someone_else. Nailed it. It’s about priorities and standards. Battery farming is an utter, utter disgrace. So the extra dollar for non-cruel eggs is going to push people into destitution? I don’t think so.

#17
johnboy12:23 am, 09 Aug 08

Someone_else said :

Claiming that you can’t “afford” to buy free-range is such a cop-out. Just be honest admit you don’t care. I’m sure a lot of the people who whinge that free-range is too expensive have no problems finding the extra cash for ciggies, alcohol and new TVs.

I’d be a little careful there SE.

I personally can and do afford free range eggs where possible (not all shops have them).

But the cheap egg has been a mainstay against starvation for a very long time as the world’s most affordable source of protein.

Be that as it may there remains a huge ongoing demand for the cheapest eggs possible.

So I’d like to see humane minimum standards for them even as I chow down on my bright orange free range eggs.

#18
Someone_else12:25 am, 09 Aug 08

Starvation, JB? We’re talking about Australia here, not the third-world. I really don’t see what I should be “careful” about??

#19
johnboy12:28 am, 09 Aug 08

Still people doing it tough here not spending all their money on drugs.

#20
starry12:29 am, 09 Aug 08

When available i get mine from my inlaws property, and yes you can and tell the difference from battery eggs.

#21
Someone_else12:35 am, 09 Aug 08

johnboy said :

Still people doing it tough here not spending all their money on drugs.

You are really mis-interpreting my comment, I never said that people who don’t buy free-range are spending all their money on drugs! It’s simple things like buying less junk food, going without a magazine or other unecessary rubbish that we all spend our money on. I just don’t buy that people couldn’t afford to buy free-range if they really wanted to.

#22
johnboy12:39 am, 09 Aug 08

And I’m saying that not every family is choosing between frippery and nutrition.

There are people out there in Australia today, particularly children, the health of whom would be impacted by more expensive eggs.

But, as I say, I’m all in favour of establishing ethical standards in battery hens while encouraging free range and home grown.

#23
Someone_else12:43 am, 09 Aug 08

Nup, not buying it JB. Sorry, but we will have to agree to disagree on this one.

#24
Jonathon Reynolds12:44 am, 09 Aug 08

@Someone_else:

You are right – I don’t care. So long as the eggs are produced legally I don’t have a guilty conscience nor see any dilemma. As I said in a comment earlier if it so much of an issue of cruelty then the RSPCA would have ensured that Pace Farms were closed down years ago.

Furthermore, for your information I don’t smoke, rarely drink and don’t have any need for new televisions.

Next I’m sure you’ll be arguing that milk should come from 100% contented cows that only feed on the best luscious green pastures and everyone should bear the burden of the resultant increased costs because the cows will be having a better life and it makes you feel better.

Dare I ask if you eat meat or are you vegetarian / vegan?

#25
Someone_else12:48 am, 09 Aug 08

Well as I eat EGGS, that would tend to indicate that I’m not a vegan JR. Nor am I vego, but I always do my best to ensure that the animals I eat have been raised and slaughtered in a humane manner. And yes milk production is another big problem that needs to be addressed, but I believe the topic here is free-range eggs.

#26
johnboy12:52 am, 09 Aug 08

SE,

I take a similar position to you for myself.

I baulk at imposing it on other people who’s circumstances might not be as fortunate as my own.

#27
Someone_else12:53 am, 09 Aug 08

How noble of you JB.

#28
Jonathon Reynolds12:59 am, 09 Aug 08

@Someone_else:

Someone_else said :

but I always do my best to ensure that the animals I eat have been raised and slaughtered in a humane manner.

Surely it would be far more humane next time you want a leg lamb roast: you arrange for the lamb to undergo a general anaesthetic, amputate the leg, and give the lamb an artificial leg and appropriate on-going rehabilitation. That would be so much more humane as a poor defenceless animal doesn’t lose its life for you to enjoy a tasty roast.

It is people like you that would like to see society return to a completely (unsustainable) agrarian state. We have commercial farming for a reason – we need to feed the population, it needs to be done efficiently and in an affordable manner.

#29
Overheard2:01 am, 09 Aug 08

I’ve been at both ends of this debate. I’ve stood next to Lynda Stoner outside the ACT courts protesting about battery cages, and I’ve been in such subsistence circumstances that the ultra-cheap eggs have been a necessity. Yet another example of how one universal approach doesn’t suit all.

#30
johnboy2:02 am, 09 Aug 08

Been there too OH

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