24 March 2022

ANU under fire over confronting sexual violence figures in national survey

| Ian Bushnell
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Australian National University

ANU has failed to deliver specific actions over the past five years, the Student Association says. Photo: Michelle Kroll.

The ANU has been accused of dragging its feet in response to the high rate of sexual harassment and assault on campus as new figures show little improvement since the damning 2017 Human Rights Commission report.

Universities Australia released its 2021 National Student Safety Survey (NSSS) on sexual assault and sexual harassment yesterday (23 March), and the ANU says that across a number of the categories its students’ experiences were higher than the national average.

The specific ANU figures show that 26.1 per cent of the 1,647 respondents reported being sexually harassed at some point during their time at university, almost twice the national average, and 14.5 per cent were harassed in the past 12 months.

They show 12.3 per cent reported that they had been sexually assaulted at some point during their time at university, three times the national average, and 4.5 per cent in the past 12 months.

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Nationally, one in six students (16.1%) reported being sexually harassed at university, and one in 12 (8.1%) in the past 12 months. One in 20 (4.5%) and one in 90 (1.1%) said they had been sexually assaulted since starting university and in the past 12 months.

The majority of ANU harassment and assault victims were women or a differently described gender. The most impactful incidents occurred in residential halls or student accommodation (32.9%), higher than the national average.

The national figures show that a quarter of sexual assaults occur in these settings.

Only 3 per cent of ANU students who were sexually harassed made a formal complaint, and 18.6 per cent sought support or assistance, higher than the national average, with 65.6 per cent knowing some or all of the perpetrators involved.

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The ANU did not report sexual assault figures, although it said a higher percentage of its students know where to make a complaint or seek support for sexual assault than the national average.

Almost half did not know or knew very little about where to go to make a complaint about harassment or assault, but slightly more knew where to seek support.

The survey comes only days after the ANU launched its Student Safety and Wellbeing Plan but the ANU Students Association says it was rushed out without consultation ahead of what it knew would be a bad set of numbers.

Female student with black t-shirt

ANU Women’s Officer Avan Daruwalla: “It’s incredibly neglectful that they’ve failed to follow through.” Photo: ANU.

ANU Women’s Officer Avan Daruwalla said the figures were not surprising but still shocking and condemned the ANU’s inability to provide specific and actionable responses over the past five years.

She said there was nothing in the Student Safety and Wellbeing Plan that could not have been done earlier, such as increased professional staffing in residential halls or more caseworkers.

The residential halls were an epicentre for bad behaviour and should be dealt with immediately, she said. As it is, they are already understaffed and she hopes 14 new staff can be secured quickly.

Ms Daruwalla said the zero-tolerance policy came without a timeline and what it would include.

“It’s incredibly neglectful that they’ve failed to follow through and take action,” she said.

“If 26 per cent of students were experiencing a different kind of crime, we would have seen a much more rapid response.”

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Ms Daruwalla said mandatory consent training was a good thing and welcomed it being expanded, but it had not much impact on the statistics and needed to be improved.

The ANUSA is launching a fresh campaign and is calling for:

  • The creation of an actionable Cultural Change Action Plan.
  • A zero-tolerance approach that precludes students who have demonstrated violent, antisocial and threatening behaviour from residential accommodation.
  • The cessation of outsourcing pastoral care to for-profit institutions.
  • The establishment of an empowered oversight body including student representatives to hold ANU accountable and directly report to the Vice-Chancellor.
  • Commitment to creation of prevention campaigns based directly on feedback provided by student leaders with real, on-the-ground experience.

ANU Vice-Chancellor Professor Brian Schmidt said the survey results were confronting and further evidence of the need for continued and strong action.

He insisted the newly announced Student Safety and Wellbeing Plan showed the ANU was stepping up its action to prevent and deal with sexual violence on campus.

“Each and every instance of sexual assault and sexual harassment is unacceptable, and ANU has a zero-tolerance approach to perpetrators and their behaviour,” Professor Schmidt said.

“Confronting this challenge means we will always need to listen to victim-survivors, to act on the evidence, and to do more.

“ANU is listening and acting, and we are making major new investments to stop and respond to these unacceptable behaviours.”

An ANU spokesperson said the Plan would accelerate what had been under way for some time.

“In the last five years we’ve set up and staffed a Respectful Relationships Unit, recruited case managers, streamlined reporting, established an online disclosure tool and trained thousands of staff and students to recognise, prevent and respond to sexual assault and sexual harassment. And we’ve excluded perpetrators of sexual misconduct from our community,” the spokesperson said.

The spokesperson said the Plan was sent to every ANU student on Monday and the University had been consulting student leaders on a fortnightly basis about the Plan since August 2021.

“ANU constantly engages with ANUSA, including on this issue. We engaged with them on the independent assessment of our Sexual Violence Prevention Strategy, which underpins this plan, and the elements of the Plan, many of which they have previously called for,” the spokesperson said.

“Action to embed zero-tolerance in our culture, policies and disciplinary procedures, to recruit more ANU staff members to care for our students, to create new oversight body and to run prevention campaigns is all either under way or funded in our latest Plan.”

The ANU says it will publish more detailed results in due course after discussions within the university sector about releasing them in a way that ensures victim-survivors are protected, and participants’ privacy is respected.

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The University of Canberra said that of 1494 UC students who responded to the survey, the prevalence of sexual harassment at UC in the past 12 months was 10.2 per cent (17.5 per cent since the start of university) and 1.7 per cent in the past 12 months for sexual assault (4.9 per cent since the start of university).

Vice-Chancellor Professor Paddy Nixon said the findings highlight that the university has more work to do to address inappropriate behaviour and improve awareness of how survivors can access support and report an incident.

“The university continues to address campus safety in a proactive and appropriate manner to ensure that all members of our community – students, staff and visitors – feel supported and safe here,” Professor Nixon said.

He added that UC would continue to raise awareness of the university’s support services and ensure survivors, witnesses and bystanders know how to report incidents.

“We will address campus culture through our UC Respect campaign to promote a culture of respect on our campus as a collective,” Professor Nixon said.

“And we have already increased security patrols and improved security personnel visibility in areas of concern.”

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Vinson1Bernie10:05 am 25 Mar 22

Other outlets were reporting a 11% response rate but the ACT unis at least with around 1500 replies seems higher than that – any harrassment is too high

Capital Retro2:49 pm 24 Mar 22

I bought some stuff at the supermarket deli this morning and the assistant of female gender said, with a smile “thanks, darling” when the product was handed to me.

Is that sexual harassment?

Sure was, made worse by the fact she made you pay for it!

Capital Retro4:43 pm 24 Mar 22

I wouldn’t mind some more of that – it was just good nature, nothing sexual in it but I would be within my rights to report her and have her sacked from what I have seen.

Capital Retro, Ageism. Older women get ““thanks, darling” too.

Capital Retro7:28 am 25 Mar 22

Do older women get that from women or men?

Is that survey validated, or just reliant on anonymous claims, how is sexual harassment categorised, he/she/they looked at me in a way I didn’t like, so yes that must be sexual harassment?

Capital Retro10:43 am 24 Mar 22

Yes, I can never recall being sexually harassed in the last 70 years unless nagging by a partner of the opposite sex is considered the same.

So now all you need to do when you want to advocate for something is dress up a poorly designed (or deliberately designed) survey to get the results you want?

This survey and report still contains most of the errors that were contained in the woeful 2017 Human Rights Commission report and continues to conflate issues to manufacture headline statistics.

Headline statistics that are then parroted in articles like this in the knowledge that most people won’t ever read the actual source data nor understand why it’s so poor.

This is political advocacy, not science and it’s disgraceful to see used on this type of serious issue.

Come on chewy you must trust the science. Seems like you haven’t had your 4th booster yet.

Oscar Mike
Exactly.

The anti-vaxxers use the same tactics to try and discredit the actual scientific research on Covid vaccines as well.

Great example, apparently hundreds have died from receiving the vaccine in Australia. Until you read where they are sourcing their data from and how poorly they attempt to manipulate it to fit their false narrative.

Where is the study showing you need a booster every 3 months? Because this is currently the government’s recommendation. Also where is the study showing the vaccine is just as effective for new variants as the original strain? Think you are being exposed as a hypocrite here chewy, believe in the “research” and “science” you want to believe in.

Sam Oak,
Can’t see where I’ve suggested anything like the strawmen you’ve just created.

Although thanks for reminding me of another perfect example of the attempted obfuscation anti-vaxxers use. Apparently unless a vaccine is a 100% effective sterilising vaccine for all current and future variants of any disease, it’s worthless.

Apparently these anti-vaxxers don’t have any safety features in their vehicles either because some people still die in car accidents even with modern equipment.

You see, unless the risk is going to be zero, it’s not worth reducing.

Capital Retro4:45 pm 24 Mar 22

Chewy14 channeling climate change science and “zero” emissions again. He can’t help himself.

Oh I’m sure a fourth booster may help lower the risk, just as much as wearing a crash helmet in a car lowest the risk of dying in an accident. People are free to get the 100th booster if they like, just don’t mandate it for everyone and don’t use public money. People should be paying out of their own pocket for their 3 monthly vaccinations not coming out of ours.

Sam Oak,
No one has mandated you to get a vaccine, so I’m not sure what you’re on about there.

And we have provided them free so far because of the huge risk to public health and society that exceeds the cost of the vaccine rollout by orders of magnitude.

If they cost money to people, significant proportions of society couldn’t afford them, and the rollout would be extremely slow, making the rollout useless.

If the virus changes or the vaccines become ineffectual over time, then you might have a point. But we aren’t there yet.

But of course, the science will also improve and it’s likely that new treatment technologies and updated vaccines will become available.

When we reach that point, Covid will be handled like we deal with the flu each year.

Negative gearing guy sick of public money being used for social good.

Heavs – I see what you did there! Gold! Good Old Sam Oak – if it does not add to his bricks and mortar portfolio (and paid for by tax payers outside his remit), then it is no good for “society”…………

Capital Retro – really? Those in glass houses…. (Sorry Sam Oaks, he has one as well)….. hypocritical imaginations personified.

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