Time for public servants to rediscover ethics, and for a federal ICAC

Ian Bushnell 2 September 2021 16
Auditor-General Grant Hehir

Auditor-General Grant Hehir: ethics are back. Photo: Parliament House.

Federal Auditor-General Grant Hehir has thrown a cat among the public service pigeons with his intent to frame future audits from an ethical perspective.

That might seem an impossible task, like trying to grasp a handful of smoke, but if public servants are looking to their statutory duties, it’s an area they better come to grips with.

As Mr Hehir points out, the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act requires public sector leaders to govern their entities in a way that promotes the proper use and management of public resources, defined as “efficient, effective, economical and ethical”.

Governments can be big on the first three, especially when it comes to being effective, but in a profession where, like love and war, all’s fair, ethics, like truth, can be a casualty.


READ MORE: Auditor-General to raise bar on government grants with ethics scrutiny


Mr Hehir isn’t about to be too philosophical here because he is attempting to hold public servants directing or doing the spadework accountable for how our money is being spent.

He has had plenty of motivation, delivering highly critical reports on the administration of grants in the lead-up to the last Federal election that became known as the sports and car park rorts scandals, not that the Coalition conceded that it had done anything wrong.

That’s a pattern of behaviour these days from politicians inured to any of the sanctions built into the Westminster system of government.

Mr Hehir’s move to restore ethics to the heart of decision-making is both a warning shot and a call to arms for public servants after many years where the emphasis has been more on serving the government than the public.

In the can-do age, making things happen rather than doing things properly within the rules has become a valuable commodity, turning public servants into enablers of questionable policies, programs and expenditures.

But serving the realm instead of the ruler, as the Game of Thrones‘ Lord Varys knew too well, can be a dangerous thing.

A public servant may not end up roasted, but careers can be made or unmade through the choices they face in administering a government’s agenda.

The notion of “frank and fearless advice” has become almost a cliche and the reserve of the “courageous”.

But Mr Hehir obviously believes that whether those choices and decisions are ethical, and whether such things as grants programs are administered within the rules, and the spirit of the rules, are important.


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The seeming absence of a moral centre to government practice in so many areas, if not outright corruption, also raises the ongoing issue of the long-promised federal integrity body.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison promised it more than two years ago, but it seems no closer to being established.

As the sanction of Parliament, Senate and House committees and even the media fallout fail to deter certain behaviour, the time has come for the Federal Government to join state and territory counterparts in submitting itself to an ICAC equivalent.

If such a body only served to make government think twice about its practices and prompted public servants to rethink their choices, that would be worthwhile.

But power being what it is, no doubt it would have messier work to do.

The Australian Public Service Commission carries a brief for raising and reinforcing integrity in the APS, and it is a core component of its learning and development program.

So it is in a key position of responsibility and influence for guiding a bureaucracy that does not produce the kinds of outcomes that Mr Hehir found so disturbing and prompted him to remind public servants that ethics are not just an aspiration but a legal requirement that is part of their job description.


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16 Responses to Time for public servants to rediscover ethics, and for a federal ICAC
Karlos E Rumba Karlos E Rumba 11:19 pm 03 Sep 21

Politicians tell public servants to do their bidding, ethical or not, as demonstrated by the blatant abuses in Sports rorts fiasco

Angela M J Brown Angela M J Brown 6:03 pm 03 Sep 21

Well maybe it is more the Ministers not the workers who need this.

Kunal Chaturvedi Kunal Chaturvedi 4:03 pm 03 Sep 21

Yes there is. the aps code of conduct.

liberalsocialist liberalsocialist 2:36 pm 03 Sep 21

Nothing to do with the ethics of Public Servants. You get the Public Service to no longer have a “my way or the highway” response from Ministers (who in Defence, for example, could have the experience of only being a junior Police Officer in one state) then you will have Public Servants standing up to the ministries. Like it was pre-Howard (and I voted for him, and though him pretty good until 2007). Now, Public Servants are simply YES people, and are promoted for being so.
That’s only my experience as a Government employee (APS and Defence) since 1999. The politicians need a knee-capping from considering themselves as omnipotent and all knowledgeable. Sure, they’re voted in, but leave the majority to the Public Service who have been doing their job for 30 years or more. Give them direction (in accordance with the direction of the Government – which have been voted in) but do not threaten their livelihoods in the meantime.
I for one am like many – writing under a pseudonym – because if I talked about all the waste and rubbish that occurs in Defence and the APS then the public would rightly be p*ssed. If, on the other hand, I wasn’t gagged then I would be able to open up relevant questions on why certain things occur. But I cannot.

Sean Bishop Sean Bishop 1:58 pm 03 Sep 21

No better way to watch HR scramble compliance to Directors and below.

Jack Hearps Jack Hearps 10:23 am 03 Sep 21

Issue is APS us a stacked deck by pollies ...

    Angela M J Brown Angela M J Brown 6:04 pm 03 Sep 21

    Jack Hearps That would be the top echelons not the workers. You obviously know little about how the APS works

JeeKay Dee JeeKay Dee 8:42 am 03 Sep 21

Aren't politicians also public servants?

    Steve Ulr Steve Ulr 10:27 am 03 Sep 21

    JeeKay Dee unfortunately no. They are elected, making them difficult to sack. They can be expelled from a political party but thats it.

Gerry Satrapa Gerry Satrapa 8:27 am 03 Sep 21

How are public servants supposed to learn ethics when we have a federal government entirely devoid of ethics? 🤷🏼‍♂️🙄

    Barry Dobson Barry Dobson 3:04 pm 03 Sep 21

    Gerry Satrapa Furthering your point, It's the shadow of the leader principle. They need to lead by example, The Federal ICAC is a long time overdue

Rosalind Turner Rosalind Turner 7:52 am 03 Sep 21

APS is doing fine with ethics ... it's the pollies and contracting firms who need to descover ethics in the first place!

    Sarah Emmerson Sarah Emmerson 8:38 am 03 Sep 21

    Rosalind Turner nope, it happens across the APS. I’ve reported it only to be told... nothing to see here.

Cate Whittle Cate Whittle 7:34 am 03 Sep 21

Can we put ethics back on the agenda for politicians, too?

    David Newman David Newman 7:48 am 03 Sep 21

    Cate, did they ever have it?

    Milenko-Slavenka Jovanovic Milenko-Slavenka Jovanovic 8:28 am 03 Sep 21

    Cate Whittle not too, ethics should be on the agenda for politicians only, everyone else is ok with ethics. But it is never going to happen. The terms Ethics and politicians do not go well together.

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