If a cyclist and a driver collide on a pedestrian crossing, who is liable for the repair costs for the car and/or bicycle?
The most recent (January 2014) ACT Road Rules Handbook does not require drivers to give way to cyclists on marked pedestrian crossings. It says, “Motorists must give way to pedestrians on a marked pedestrian crossing, if there is a reasonable possibility of a collision.”
Rule 253 of the Road Transport (Safety and Traffic Management) Australian Road Rules Incorporation 2013 (No 1) says, “The rider of a bicycle must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver or pedestrian.”
The ACT Government’s information about “safer cycling reforms” says:
- “When riding a bicycle you will be able to ride slowly across pedestrian crossings (at no more than 10km/h).
- You must slow to 10km/h on the approach to the crossing and check for any approaching traffic and be prepared to stop. This is to allow motorists to see and respond to you before you make the crossing.
- You must keep to the left of the crossing and give way to any pedestrians on the crossing.
- You may be issued a traffic infringement notice for failing to comply with the road rule, including failing to slow on the approach to the crossing and check for approaching traffic. The penalty for each of these offences will be $118.
So cyclists must slow to 10 km/h, keep left, give way to pedestrians and be “prepared” to stop. But must they actually stop to avoid a collision with a car?
Can the Minister for Justice tell us who must give way, if a cyclist and a driver are approaching a pedestrian crossing?